From 1920 to 1960 was the golden age of vacuum tube era. Lots of excellent triodes created from USA and Europe. Some of them originally designed for radio transmitters were widely used in world war II whilst the others worked for audio amplifiers. I collect direct heating triodes for fun and, however, they go together eventually to made excellent single end amplifiers.
The direct heating triode sounds style different but all excellent:
WESTERN ELECTRIC 242A
WESTERN ELECTRIC 300B
I selected RCA 833A for this project, it was originally designed for 30MHz radio transmitters and also used in X-ray machines. From the very beginning, rare people think about 833A for audio amps.
RCA 833A filament supply 10V 10A, Vp 3000V, Pd 1500W. The best 833A ever made with special alloy plate structure. The plate is rigid with less elasticity, does not like other metal plates it will only be broken rather than deformed. It can work normally under red hot plate condition. Very good sound quality!
From non-official speaking, the grid works only on negative bias side is called right tube while the positive side is left tube, this is because zero bias is at the center.
I decided this machine works on both side for more power output, the grid positive peak is about +25V at Vp 300V so that the max grid current is about 15ma:
The interelectrode capacitance grid to plate is 6.3 µµf and grid to the filament is 12.6 µµf, this will load the driving tube a lot at the high frequency so that a 2A3 cathode follower direct drive has to be arranged due to its very low output impedance.
The circuit design is straight forward, all direct couple to output, if the preamp output signal does not include a DC component, the .33 £gf input capacitor can also be taken out.
The cathode resistor of 833A=50/4+10=22.5 Ω
The voltage drop at Vg max is .09*22.5= 2V
The total driving voltage is 75+2*2= 79 Vpp
The voltage swing at V2 plate is 79 / 0.8 = 98.75 Vpp
The voltage swing at V1 plate is 98.75 / 3.7 = 26.7 Vpp
The rate voltage input is 26.7 / 24 = 1.11 Vpp
If we want to improve the operation we can introduce a Negative feedback network:
Let’s try -6 dB negative feedback.
Open loop gain from input to 833A grid = (-24)(-3.7)(0.8) = 71.04
6 = 20 Log (1+ AB) Where A is gain, B is feedback coefficient
0.3 = Log (1+ 71.04B)
100.3 = 1+ 71.04B
2 = 1 + 71.04B
1.58 KΩ// 510Ω = 385Ω
Rf = 28,192 – 385
= 27.8 KΩ
DC filament supply with huge filter capacitors for 2A3 and 833A is a must otherwise it will hum. I also change the driver tube with mono plate 2A3 and WE300B to see what happen, all ok and work normally with their own sound style.
Due to all direct coupling the frequency response is totally depending on the output transformer, this machine 25Hz to 55KHz no problem with excellent sound quality.
The overall power supply arrangement is a bit more than that of general tube machines as they are independent supplies and the weight and volume are huge. This is the reason why only very rare commercial products use 833A as power tube.
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